• Narrative companionship: philosophy, gender stereotypes, and young adult literature

      Zuidervaart, Lambert; Musschenga, A. W.; Van Dyk, Tricia Kay; Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2016-03)
      This dissertation contends that North American culture is in the grip of a reductionism that neglects plurality while seeking after pseudo-universality and pseudoindividuality, exemplified by the apparently contradictory tendencies to take as normative what can be generalized and to deny universally applicable normativity. I pay special attention to gender stereotypes, in which the particular (individual) becomes irrelevant, ignored, or perceived as a threat unless it can be treated as part of the general (stereotype). I argue that philosophical fiction—and, in particular, young adult fiction— contributes to a principled plurality in both lived and academic philosophy. It does so through its imaginative power to enlarge perspectives, criticize from the margins, and galvanize readers to engage with injustice. I focus on young adult fiction because of its wide reach, relevance for ethical formation, and exceptional tendency to question stereotypical understandings of human existence. After explicating the distinction between lived and academic philosophy and situating my project in the larger conversation about fiction and philosophy, I argue for the ethical significance of philosophical interaction with story. In conversation with Martha C. Nussbaum and Hannah Arendt, I draw together three themes—the integrality of form and content, the ability of storytelling to act as critical thinking in context, and the key role of particularity in the context of plurality—in order to emphasize the need to approach fiction in its intrinsic plurality without losing the possibility of shared criteria. A causal model is insufficient in this regard. Drawing on Lambert Zuidervaart’s conception of imaginative disclosure, I show that art both suggests and requires interpretation and that fiction’s ethical contribution to philosophy needs to be understood as thoroughly hermeneutical. I settle on “narrative companionship,” a variation of Wayne C. Booth’s metaphor of stories as friends, as a helpful noncausal metaphor for interaction with fiction. Then I seek to demonstrate the fruitfulness of this metaphor, in contrast to academic philosophy’s traditional approaches to fiction as either a tool or an example, by commenting on several stories that have informed my own lived philosophy.
    • The Way of Love: Practicing an Irigarayan Ethic

      Olthuis, James H.; Merwe, W. L. van der; Halsema, J. M.; Crapo, Ruthanne SooHee Pierson; Institute for Christian Studies (Vrije Universiteit, 2016-02-17)
      This thesis defends the argument that Luce Irigaray's work on sexual difference from the Continental tradition provides a rich analysis of human subjectivity, ethical responsibility and well-being as citizens. This thesis pays specific attention to Irigaray’s work in relation to ecological feminism, animal welfare and religious pluralism in democratic societies. Her work is singular because, although it places the emphasis on sexual difference, resisting a contained definition of what it means to be a woman. Instead, the thesis highlights Irigaray’s ongoing process and ethical task to undertake an "intermediate" by which men and women can interact in reciprocity and respect the way of love. The limit, or the negative of the sexes,forms an ethical boundary, and this thesis explores this limit with humans and non-humans. The thesis contends that the limit makes it possible to establish the right relationships between specific and limited selves in an economy of love, rather than between authoritative, independent or absolute subjects in an economy of mutual exchange. Her philosophy, this thesis contends, allows us to ask more fully how to live well so we can share the resources—such as water, air, healthy food—that promote well-being and meaningful work. Such resources provide us physically and spiritually with a good life. The demand for a good life is further extended to other non-human animals and environments. The dissertation concludes with the suggestion that Irigaray's politics of difference can help democratic societies themselves to respond to questions of inclusion, hospitality and respect for different people, particularly within an increasingly multinational and global world. The thesis suggests that Irigaray's work is all the more relevant and meaningful in that it offers a discourse by which we can respect differences, going beyond token gestures, and moves toward substantial protection of all.Irigaray's ethics and politics provide both secular and fundamental principles that are universal and that can be found in the bodies of people who breathe properly and in the kind of practices that we undertake to distribute the resources of human and non-human others. Her work allows us to materially investigate in inventive and imaginative ways and calls us to share our world with love and responsibility.
    • Vocational Wayfinding

      Strauss, Gideon; Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2016)
    • M. C. Smit Collection. Handwritten Notes Collection. Fond 001-002

      Smit, Meijer Cornelius, 1911-1981; Rudisill, Daniel; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • M.C. Smit Collection. Manuscripts. Fond: 001-001

      Smit, Meijer Cornelius, 1911-1981; Rudisill, Daniel; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • Finding Aid to the Meijer Cornelius Smit Archives Collection

      Rudisill, Daniel; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • M.C. Smit Collection. Newspaper Clippings. Fond 001-008

      Guthrie-McNaughton, Isabella; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • M.C. Smit Collection. Dissertation Supervision Documents. Fond 001-004

      Smit, Meijer Cornelius, 1911-1981; Rudisill, Daniel; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • M.C. Smit Collection. Research Notebooks. Fond 001-005

      Smit, Meijer Cornelius, 1911-1981; Rudisill, Daniel; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • M.C. Smit Collection. Miscellaneous Documents. Fond 001-009

      Rudisill, Daniel; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • M.C. Smit Collection. Correspondence Collection. Fond 001-0011

      Smit, Meijer Cornelius, 1911-1981; Rudisill, Daniel; Institute for Christian Studies (2016)
    • Remembrance That Limps: Remembering and Forgiving With Our Crooked Human Hearts

      Seerveld, Calvin; Institute for Christian Studies (Cardus, 2015-12)
    • Annual Report 2014-2015 (Institute for Christian Studies)

      Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2015-11-16)
    • Perspective vol. 49 no. 2 (Fall 2015)

      Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2015-11)
    • Justice and Faith in the Literature

      Centre for Philosophy, Religion & Social Ethics; Centre for Philosophy, Religion and Social Ethics, Institute for Christian Studies (2015-11)
      A partially annotated literature review for the two-year SSHRC Partnership Development Research Project, Justice and Faith: Individual Spirituality and Social Responsibility in the Christian Reformed Church in Canada.
    • Meeting God: the Relay Race of Generations

      Seerveld, Calvin; Institute for Christian Studies (Christian Courier, 2015-10-26)
    • Navigating the Crisis of Movement: Rupture, Repetition, and New Life

      Dettloff, Dean; Institute for Christian Studies (The Other Journal, 2015-10-08)
    • Relationship Issues: Forgiveness and Promising According to Hannah Arendt and Jacques Derrida

      Hoff, Shannon; Ratzlaff, Caleb; Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2015-08-31)
      In retrospect this learning experience lead me to two conclusions. First, the way we hold someone responsible must reflect the openness and vulnerability of the actor and those to whom she relates. What we do when we hold someone responsible, administering a sentence, for example, must respond to the unending process of interaction and transformation that defines the human person in intersubjective life. This essentially describes the meaning and limits of holding someone responsible. The second lesson was more directly addressed in this thesis. It concerns the idea that the uncertain and vulnerable characteristics of the self that accompany our transformability, are not simply detriments to responsibility. Rather, the uncertain nature of a self as it exists in relationship with others is a condition of meaningfulness, responsibility, and love. As a condition of responsibility, our finitude calls for the sustaining ethical practices of promises and forgiveness. Uncertainty, even in its greatest manifestations as birth and death, is something we can embrace.
    • Re-Imagining the Whore: An Intertextual and Intratextual Feminist Reading of Revelation's Woma/en.

      Bott, Ruth; Institute for Christian Studies; Ansell, Nicholas (2015-05-31)