• Metaphoric Truth: Seeing and Saying in Merleau-Ponty and Ricoeur, and a Broader Ethics Via Zuidervaart

      Smick, Rebekah; Read, Janet; Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2010)
      Artistic meaning via visual art and literary fiction is debated in modern aesthetic thought. Language is a cognitive component in postmodernist aesthetic projects. This thesis investigates Maurice Merleau-Ponty's and Paul Ricoeur's writings on painting and language, respectively, whose phenomenological aim is the revelation of being in works of the imagination in tandem with Lambert Zuidervaart's approach to artistic truth which opens the lifeworld to the biotic context of the earth. For him, imaginative disclosure is integral to techno-scientific and art realms. Embodiment, natality, and expression illuminate the problematic of meaning in forms of postmodern visual art. Metaphoric imagination and metaphor are used for metaphor is a principle of articulation, not a figure of speech. Aesthetic projects connect with the lifeworld in a hermeneutic circle of meaning.
    • Narrative companionship: philosophy, gender stereotypes, and young adult literature

      Zuidervaart, Lambert; Musschenga, A. W.; Van Dyk, Tricia Kay; Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2016-03)
      This dissertation contends that North American culture is in the grip of a reductionism that neglects plurality while seeking after pseudo-universality and pseudoindividuality, exemplified by the apparently contradictory tendencies to take as normative what can be generalized and to deny universally applicable normativity. I pay special attention to gender stereotypes, in which the particular (individual) becomes irrelevant, ignored, or perceived as a threat unless it can be treated as part of the general (stereotype). I argue that philosophical fiction—and, in particular, young adult fiction— contributes to a principled plurality in both lived and academic philosophy. It does so through its imaginative power to enlarge perspectives, criticize from the margins, and galvanize readers to engage with injustice. I focus on young adult fiction because of its wide reach, relevance for ethical formation, and exceptional tendency to question stereotypical understandings of human existence. After explicating the distinction between lived and academic philosophy and situating my project in the larger conversation about fiction and philosophy, I argue for the ethical significance of philosophical interaction with story. In conversation with Martha C. Nussbaum and Hannah Arendt, I draw together three themes—the integrality of form and content, the ability of storytelling to act as critical thinking in context, and the key role of particularity in the context of plurality—in order to emphasize the need to approach fiction in its intrinsic plurality without losing the possibility of shared criteria. A causal model is insufficient in this regard. Drawing on Lambert Zuidervaart’s conception of imaginative disclosure, I show that art both suggests and requires interpretation and that fiction’s ethical contribution to philosophy needs to be understood as thoroughly hermeneutical. I settle on “narrative companionship,” a variation of Wayne C. Booth’s metaphor of stories as friends, as a helpful noncausal metaphor for interaction with fiction. Then I seek to demonstrate the fruitfulness of this metaphor, in contrast to academic philosophy’s traditional approaches to fiction as either a tool or an example, by commenting on several stories that have informed my own lived philosophy.
    • Perspective v.25 no.2 (April 1991)

      Postma, Gayle; Fernhout, Harry; Klein, Reinder J.; Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 1991-04-30)
    • Perspective vol. 11 no. 5 (Aug 1977)

      VanderVennen, Robert E.; Zylstra, Bernard; Hines, Lynda Kosowan; Harper, Susan; Leenders, Linda; Zuidervaart, Lambert (1977-08-31)
    • Perspective vol. 15 no. 4 (Aug 1981)

      VanderVennen, Robert E.; Middleton, J. Richard; Pierson, George; Zylstra, Bernard; Hart, Hendrik; Thompson, Henriette (1981-08-31)
    • Perspective vol. 20 no. 5 (Oct 1986)

      VanderVennen, Robert E.; Pitt, Clifford C.; Terpstra, Nicholas; Smidstra, Henry; VanderVennen, Robert E. (1986-10-31)
    • Perspective vol. 29 no. 3 (Oct. 1995)

      VanderVennen, Robert E.; Hart, Willem; Fernhout, Harry; Sweetman, Robert (Institute for Christian Studies, 1995-10-31)
    • Perspective vol. 33 no. 1 (Mar 1999)

      VanderVennen, Robert E.; Fernhout, Harry; Hart, Hendrik; Vandervelde, George; Meiboom, John; Hart, Carroll Guen (Institute for Christian Studies, 1999-03-31)
    • Perspective vol. 36 no. 1 (Mar 2002)

      Fernhout, Harry; Schulz-Wackerbarth, Yorick Immanuel; Sweetman, Robert (2002-03-31)
    • Perspective vol. 37 no. 3 (Sep 2003)

      Fernhout, Harry; Crapo, Ruthanne; Tucker, Ansley M. (2003-09-30)
    • Perspective vol. 39 no. 4 (Dec 2005)

      Dziedzic, Allyson Ann; Greidanus, Morris N.; Hiemstra, Janna (2005-12-31)
    • Perspective vol. 50 no. 1 (Spring 2016)

      Blomberg, Doug; Chan, Jonathan; Hoogland, Marg; Feyer Salo, Jazz; Van Dyk, Tricia K.; Rudisill, Dan; Institute for Christian Studies (Institute for Christian Studies, 2016-04-18)